Today’s animal is a long-nosed limb-grabber: the proboscis monkey! At 30 inches tall and up to 50 lbs., this Old World monkey is one of Asia’s largest. Let’s take a look at this mangrove-dwelling mammal.
- Their long fur is typically orange, yellow, or red.
- Their trademark long noses are thought to attract females. Scientists guess that males with larger noses can vocalize better, making them better mates and protectors.
- “Proboscis” actually means nose.
- With webbed toes, they can swim faster than many other primates.
- They have pot bellies to house their complex chambered stomachs, which are required to digest unripe fruit and immature leaves.
- They are known to belly-flop into the water from trees.
- The proboscis monkey is only found on the southeast Asian island of Borneo.
- It is arboreal, meaning it inhabits trees.
- Favorite habitats include coastal areas, swamps forests, and lowland forests that experience tides.
- Natural predators include crocodiles, leopards, eagles, and pythons
- Their social groups are typically made of one male and various females with offspring.
- Not usually territorial, groups gather to forage and travel but only groom within their own groups.
- They communicate with honks and social grooming.
An Endangered Species
- Proboscis monkeys are protected by law in Borneo.
- Biggest threats to these monkeys include logging and hunting. They are considered a delicacy in some areas and are used in folk medicine.
- Their coastal homes are often turned into shrimp farms and oil palm plantations.
- There are about 7,000 in the wild today.