Walleye is a freshwater fish found in Canada, the Great Lakes, Missouri Basin and upper Mississippi Basin. They have been found in the Northeastern and Western United States. You will identify Walleye by the following characteristics:
- Walleye has a distinct glassy eye, which is how they got their name. This is because the pigment called tapetum lucidum in their eyes allows them to see in low vision and hunt for their prey at nighttime.
- Walleyes are freshwater fish that are a part of the perch family.
- Walleyes have teeth.
- They are 2.5 feet to 3 feet when grown. Walleyes can be just over a pound, and some can even reach over 20 pounds!
- Walleyes live up to 10 years.
- They are gold and olive with a white belly.
- Walleyes eat smaller fish such as yellow perch, large invertebrates and insects.
- It’s easier to catch a Walleye either near dusk or dawn because that’s when they come to the shallower waters to feed.
- In a large lake, a Walleye can travel up to 50 miles per night, whether they are looking for food or a place to hide.
- Walleyes spawn in the spring and early summer. A large female Walleye can lay up to 600,000 eggs per year! Out of that, at least 100,000 eggs are hatched.