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Nigerian Goat

September 5, 2021

The Nigerian goat, also known as the Nigerian dwarf goat, is a small domesticated breed of goats that descended from West Africa. The Nigerian goat breed found its way to the United States in the 1950s. Since then, these miniature goats have been used for milk production and companionship. Nigerian goats have short hair that comes in different colors and patterns, and the male ones are either born with or without horns.

Despite descending from wild goats, the Nigerian dwarf goat has earned the spot of a family pet due to its small size, playful nature and even tempers. Besides, they are effortlessly trainable and wonderful with children. Their fun personality also makes them great service animals for nursing homes and hospitals.

Characteristics of the Nigerian Goat

  • The average height of Does (female) is 7″-19″
  • The average height of Bucks (male) is 19″-21″
  • They have an ideal weight of 75 lbs
  • They have a life expectancy of 8-12 years
  • They are herbivores thus, feeding on hay, grain and browse (leaves from bushes and trees)
  • They can have 3-4 kids at a time
  • They breed throughout the year
  • Does breed at 7-8 months of age
  • Bucks breed at 3 months of age
  • The gestation period is 145 to153

Fascinating Facts about Nigerian Dwarf Goats

  • A doe can produce up to 2 quarts of milk a day
  • The milk produced by a Nigerian goat is higher in butterfat and protein than that of other dairy breeds.
  • They are highly social and like to live in herds.
  • They often improve pasture by removing weedy undergrowth, poison ivy, and poison oak that other livestock do not eat.


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